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Brrr-illiant Christmas Traditions: Ice Baths for the Brave and Bold

Imagine a Christmas celebration that defies the traditional image of warm, cosy hearths, steaming cups of cocoa, and snug sweaters. Picture instead a gathering of intrepid souls, unfazed by the chilly winter air. Ready to embark on a festive adventure that involves something quite extraordinary: ice baths. Yes, you read that right—ice baths during Christmas!

In a world filled with festive customs like carol singing, gift-giving, and feasting, some communities around the globe have chosen to add a bone-chilling twist to their holiday traditions. The concept of immersing oneself in icy water during one of the coldest times of the year may sound bizarre. Or even borderline insane to many. But for those who partake, it’s a test of courage, an invigorating experience, and a unique way to celebrate the season.

In this blog post, we’ll take you on a frosty journey into the world of Christmas ice baths. We’ll explore the origins of this intriguing tradition, share tales of how it’s celebrated in various corners of the globe. Delve into the surprising health benefits of cold exposure. And offer practical advice for those brave enough to give it a try. So, if you’re ready to discover a “Brrr-illiant” Christmas tradition that’s not for the faint of heart, bundle up and join us as we explore the icy waters of this holiday practice!

The Origins of Ice Baths

The concept of taking ice baths as a Christmas tradition might seem unusual at first glance, but its origins are rooted in history and cultural practices that stretch back centuries. To truly understand this chilling custom, let’s dive into the fascinating history behind ice baths during the festive season.

A Frigid Heritage

The tradition of ice baths has its roots in several cultures, with some of the earliest records dating back to the northern regions of Europe and Asia. In these areas, where harsh winters and abundant ice and snow were a way of life, people developed a close relationship with the cold.

  1. Scandinavian Influences: Scandinavia, in particular, has a rich history of embracing the cold. In countries like Sweden, Norway, and Finland, saunas and ice baths have long been a part of daily life. The practice of moving between a hot sauna and an ice-cold bath, known as “avanto” in Finland, has been a cultural tradition for generations.
  2. Russian Banya: In Russia, the banya, or traditional steam bathhouse, is an integral part of their heritage. It often includes a plunge into icy water or a snowbank to enhance the invigorating effects of the steam bath. This practice, known as “париться в бане” (parit’sya v bane), remains popular to this day.
  3. Japanese Onsen: Japan, another country with a deep appreciation for hot springs and communal bathing, also has variations of cold plunges as part of their bathing rituals. This contrast between hot and cold is believed to have therapeutic benefits.

Seasonal Significance

In many of these regions, the tradition of ice baths during Christmas evolved as a way to celebrate the season and make the most of the natural resources available during the winter months. Here, the practice takes on a deeper cultural significance, symbolising endurance, resilience, and the ability to thrive in harsh conditions.

Rituals and Celebrations

In some cultures, the act of taking an ice bath during Christmas is associated with specific rituals and ceremonies. For instance, in parts of Russia, people immerse themselves in ice-cold water on January 19th to mark the feast of Epiphany, believing it purifies the body and soul.

The concept of ice baths during Christmas isn’t solely about the physical act; it’s also about mental fortitude and the celebration of the winter season itself. In many ways, it’s a testament to the human spirit’s ability to find joy and meaning even in the coldest and darkest of times.

As we move forward in our exploration of this “Brrr-illiant” Christmas tradition, we’ll take a closer look at how various cultures have adapted and incorporated ice baths into their festive celebrations. Join us as we journey around the world to discover the different ways people embrace the chill during the holiday season.

Ice Baths Around the World

While ice baths during Christmas may seem like an unusual concept to many, they are far from being a solitary practice. In fact, communities around the world have adapted this chilly tradition in unique and fascinating ways. Join us as we explore how different countries celebrate the holiday season with the invigorating embrace of ice baths.

Scandinavia: Home of the Ice Bath Masters

In Scandinavia, particularly in Sweden, Norway, and Finland, ice baths are a time-honored tradition. Known as “isbad” or “avanto” in Finnish, it involves cutting a hole in the frozen surface of a lake or river and taking a dip in the icy waters.

For many Scandinavians, this practice isn’t just about physical fortitude; it’s a cultural rite of passage. It’s common to see people of all ages, from children to the elderly, participating in the ritual during the festive season. The experience is often followed by warming up in a traditional sauna, creating a harmonious contrast between extreme cold and intense heat.

Russia: Epiphany Ice Plunges

In Russia, the tradition of ice baths is intertwined with the celebration of Epiphany, a significant religious holiday. On January 19th, Orthodox Christians mark the feast of Epiphany by participating in a custom known as the “Blessing of the Waters.” As part of this ritual, ice holes are created in rivers, ponds, or reservoirs, and the water is consecrated by a priest. Brave individuals then immerse themselves in the frigid waters, believing that it cleanses the soul and protects against illness.

Epiphany ice plunges are a common sight in Russian cities and towns, with participants often dressed in special white robes for the occasion. The belief in the purifying power of the ice-cold water remains strong, making this a cherished tradition during the holiday season.

Japan: Winter Baths and Snow Monkeys

In Japan, the appreciation for hot springs, or “onsen,” is legendary. While not exactly ice baths, the Japanese have a unique way of embracing the cold during the winter months. Many onsen towns are located in snowy regions, and visitors often indulge in outdoor hot spring baths surrounded by snow-covered landscapes.

One of the most famous hot spring destinations in Japan is Jigokudani Monkey Park, where snow monkeys, known as Japanese macaques, can be seen enjoying warm thermal baths amidst the snowfall. This juxtaposition of steaming water and icy surroundings is a captivating sight and a reminder of how nature and culture intersect during the winter season.

Other Ice Bath Variations

Around the world, variations of ice baths during Christmas and the winter season can be found. In some parts of the United States, particularly in the northern states, the “Polar Bear Plunge” is a popular New Year’s Day tradition where brave individuals dash into icy waters.

In Canada, the “Polar Bear Swim” is a similar event, with participants jumping into icy lakes or oceans to celebrate the arrival of the new year with a chilly splash.

These examples highlight the diverse ways in which people from different cultures and regions embrace the cold during the holiday season. Whether it’s a centuries-old tradition or a more recent community event, ice baths add a unique and exhilarating dimension to the festive spirit.

Benefits of Taking an Ice Bath

You might be wondering what drives people to willingly subject themselves to icy waters during Christmas and other cold months. It turns out that ice baths offer a range of potential health benefits, both physical and mental, that have attracted the attention of the brave and bold. Let’s explore some of the advantages of taking an ice bath.

1. Enhanced Circulation and Immune System Support

The shock of cold water triggers the body’s natural response to cold exposure, known as “cold thermogenesis.” This process activates the sympathetic nervous system, causing blood vessels to constrict and diverting blood away from the extremities and into the core of the body. Once you emerge from the icy water, blood vessels dilate rapidly, leading to improved circulation. This cycle is believed to boost immune function and promote overall cardiovascular health.

2. Reduction of Inflammation and Muscle Recovery

Ice baths are well-known for their potential to reduce inflammation and promote muscle recovery, making them popular among athletes and fitness enthusiasts. Cold water immersion is thought to help flush out metabolic waste products from muscles, decrease inflammation, and alleviate muscle soreness. This can be particularly beneficial after strenuous physical activity, such as winter sports or a brisk Christmas morning run.

3. Stress Relief and Mood Enhancement

The shock of cold water can trigger the release of endorphins and other mood-boosting neurotransmitters. Many who engage in ice baths report feeling invigorated and alert after the experience. Moreover, the mental challenge of enduring the cold can build mental resilience and provide a sense of accomplishment, enhancing overall well-being.

4. Improved Skin and Hair Health

Cold water exposure can improve the appearance and health of your skin and hair. It can help tighten pores, reduce redness, and promote a healthy glow. Additionally, cold water rinses are said to enhance hair shine and reduce frizz.

5. Enhanced Sleep Quality

Some individuals find that taking an ice bath before bedtime can improve sleep quality. The rapid cooling and subsequent warming of the body may help regulate sleep patterns and promote a more restful night’s sleep.

6. A Sense of Adventure and Community

For many, the appeal of ice baths during Christmas goes beyond the physical benefits. It’s about embracing a sense of adventure, pushing personal boundaries, and participating in a unique communal experience. Sharing the challenge with friends or a like-minded community can create lasting memories and strengthen bonds.

It’s important to note that while ice baths offer potential benefits, they are not suitable for everyone, and safety precautions should always be taken. Individuals with certain medical conditions or who are particularly sensitive to cold should consult a healthcare professional before attempting an ice bath.

Preparing for an Ice Bath

If you’re intrigued by the potential health benefits and the idea of experiencing the invigorating chill of an ice bath during Christmas, it’s essential to be well-prepared to ensure a safe and enjoyable experience. Here, we’ll provide some practical guidance on how to prepare for an ice bath.

1. Consult with a Healthcare Professional

Before embarking on your ice bath journey, it’s crucial to consult with a healthcare professional, especially if you have any underlying medical conditions or concerns. They can assess your health and provide personalised advice on whether ice baths are suitable for you.

2. Choose the Right Location

Selecting an appropriate location for your ice bath is vital. If you’re fortunate enough to have access to natural bodies of water like lakes or rivers, ensure that the water is clean, and you have a safe entry and exit point. If using a bathtub or a purpose-built ice bath, make sure it’s clean and free of any sharp or hazardous objects. Why not try our Portable Ice Baths?

3. Gather Necessary Equipment

You’ll need some essential equipment for your ice bath experience:

Thermometer: To monitor the water temperature.

Timer: To track your time in the ice bath.

Warm Clothing: Have warm clothing, including hats and gloves, ready for after the ice bath.

Towels: Dry yourself quickly after the bath.

A Friend or Supervisor: It’s safer to have someone with you to supervise or assist if needed.

4. Start Slowly

If you’re new to ice baths, it’s wise to start slowly. Begin with shorter durations and gradually increase the time you spend in the water as you become more accustomed to the cold. You can also experiment with different water temperatures, starting with milder cold and progressing to colder temperatures.

5. Warm Up Beforehand

Before entering the ice bath, engage in some light physical activity or gentle stretching to warm up your body. This can help prevent muscle cramps and prepare your body for the cold shock.

6. Focus on Breathing and Relaxation

As you enter the ice bath, focus on your breathing and try to remain as calm and relaxed as possible. Deep, controlled breaths can help manage the initial shock and discomfort of the cold water. Avoid panicking or hyperventilating.

7. Know When to Exit

Pay close attention to your body while in the ice bath. If you start to experience extreme discomfort, shivering uncontrollably, or any signs of hypothermia, it’s time to exit the water immediately. Do not push your body beyond its limits.

8. Post-Ice Bath Care

After your ice bath, warm up gradually. Wrap yourself in warm towels and clothing to prevent rapid temperature changes, which can be harmful. Enjoy a hot beverage or a warm shower to aid in the warming process.

9. Hydrate and Rest

Rehydrate yourself with warm fluids and give your body time to recover. Rest and relax to allow your body to reap the potential benefits of the ice bath.

10. Listen to Your Body

Always listen to your body and be mindful of any unusual sensations or discomfort. If you have concerns or doubts about your ice bath experience, don’t hesitate to seek medical advice.

Remember that ice baths aren’t for everyone, and it’s perfectly acceptable if you choose not to participate. The key is to approach ice baths with caution, respect for your body, and an understanding of the potential risks and rewards.

Alternatives to Ice Baths

While ice baths during Christmas and the winter season have their unique appeal, they’re not everyone’s cup of (iced) tea. If you’re not quite ready to take the plunge into icy waters or if you’re looking for alternative ways to embrace the chill, there are plenty of other frosty traditions and activities to consider. Let’s explore some alternatives to ice baths that can still add a refreshing twist to your holiday celebrations.

1. Polar Bear Plunge Events

If you’re drawn to the idea of a communal, adrenaline-pumping experience without committing to a full-fledged ice bath, consider participating in a “Polar Bear Plunge” event. These events take place in various locations around the world on New Year’s Day, and they involve a quick, invigorating dip into cold water, often for a charitable cause. It’s a memorable way to ring in the new year with a dash of adventure.

2. Cold Water Swims

Taking a leisurely swim in cold water can provide many of the same benefits as an ice bath without the shock of full immersion. Find a natural swimming spot, such as a cold lake or the sea, and take a refreshing dip. Just be sure to follow safety guidelines, and don’t venture too far from shore if you’re not an experienced cold-water swimmer.

3. Winter Sports

Engaging in winter sports like ice skating, skiing, or snowboarding is an excellent way to celebrate the cold season while staying active. These activities offer the thrill of the chill without the intense cold exposure of an ice bath. Plus, they’re a fantastic way to enjoy the winter wonderland that Christmas often brings.

4. Sauna Sessions

For those who enjoy the contrast between extreme heat and cold, consider incorporating sauna sessions into your winter routine. After a relaxing sauna, step outside into the crisp winter air or roll in the snow for a refreshing cooldown. Sauna culture, like in Scandinavia, often combines the heat of the sauna with cold exposure, providing a balanced and enjoyable experience.

5. Winter Hiking and Nature Walks

Embrace the beauty of winter by going for a hike or nature walk in a snowy landscape. The crunch of snow beneath your feet, the glistening white scenery, and the fresh, cold air can be invigorating and uplifting. Just be sure to dress warmly and wear appropriate footwear.

6. Winter Festivals and Markets

Many regions host winter festivals and Christmas markets during the holiday season. These events often feature outdoor activities, ice sculptures, and festive decorations. Exploring these markets and enjoying seasonal treats like mulled wine and roasted chestnuts can be a delightful way to immerse yourself in the winter spirit.

7. Ice Skating Rinks

Ice skating is a classic winter activity that combines elegance and fun. Whether you’re a seasoned skater or a beginner, gliding on an ice rink can be a joyful way to celebrate the season. Many cities set up outdoor ice skating rinks during the Christmas period, creating a festive atmosphere.

8. Cold Water Showers or Contrast Baths

For those looking to dip their toes (or whole body) into cold exposure gradually, you can consider taking cold water showers or contrast baths. These involve alternating between warm and cold water, gradually increasing the cold duration. This can help you acclimate to the cold and enjoy some of the potential benefits without the intensity of an ice bath.

Remember that the holiday season is about embracing traditions and experiences that bring you joy and fulfilment. Whether you opt for an ice bath, one of these alternatives, or simply prefer to stay cosy indoors with a cup of hot cocoa, the choice is yours. The most important thing is to celebrate in a way that resonates with you and your loved ones.

Safety Considerations

While embracing the cold with ice baths or alternative winter activities can be exhilarating, it’s essential to prioritise safety above all else. Cold exposure carries certain risks, and taking precautions is paramount to ensure a safe and enjoyable experience. Here are some key safety considerations to keep in mind:

1. Consult a Healthcare Professional

Before attempting any cold exposure activity, especially ice baths, consult with a healthcare professional. They can assess your individual health and provide guidance on whether such activities are suitable for you, considering any underlying medical conditions or concerns.

2. Know Your Limits

Listen to your body and respect your limits. If at any point you experience extreme discomfort, shivering uncontrollably, dizziness, confusion, or numbness, exit the cold immediately. Never push your body beyond its capacity, and seek warmth and shelter if necessary.

3. Supervision and Companionship

If you’re new to ice baths or cold-water activities, it’s advisable to have a friend or companion with you. They can provide assistance in case of an emergency and ensure you don’t stay in the cold water too long. Additionally, participating in these activities with others can enhance the sense of community and safety.

4. Proper Clothing

When preparing for cold exposure, dress appropriately. Wear warm clothing, including hats, gloves, and insulated layers, before and after the activity. It’s crucial to stay warm during the warming-up phase after leaving the cold environment to avoid rapid temperature changes.

5. Gradual Adaptation

If you’re new to cold exposure, start gradually and increase the duration or intensity over time as your body becomes acclimated. Don’t jump into extreme cold exposure without proper preparation.

6. Stay Hydrated and Nourished

Cold exposure can increase your body’s energy expenditure and fluid loss. Ensure you are well-hydrated and have eaten a balanced meal before attempting cold exposure to maintain your body’s energy levels.

7. Medical Conditions and Medications

If you have any medical conditions, take medication, or have concerns about how cold exposure might interact with your health, consult your healthcare provider. Some conditions and medications may increase your sensitivity to cold or affect your ability to tolerate it.

8. Emergency Plan

Always have an emergency plan in place. Know the location of the nearest warm shelter, and carry a mobile phone or communication device in case you need assistance. Share your plans with someone who can check on you if you’re participating in cold exposure alone.

9. Respect Natural Bodies of Water

If you’re using natural bodies of water for cold exposure, be aware of the potential dangers. Check for water depth, currents, and ice thickness, and ensure you are aware of the local conditions and any safety regulations in place.

10. Be Mindful of Hypothermia and Frostbite

Learn the signs and symptoms of hypothermia (dangerously low body temperature) and frostbite (skin and tissue freezing). If you suspect either condition, seek medical attention immediately.

By adhering to these safety considerations and prioritising your well-being, you can make the most of your cold exposure experiences during Christmas and the winter season. Remember that safety should always come first, allowing you to enjoy the invigorating chill while minimising risks.


As we wrap up our exploration of the “Brrr-illiant” Christmas tradition of ice baths and other cold-related activities, we’ve delved into the origins, cultural significance, and potential benefits of embracing the chill during the festive season. We’ve also discussed safety considerations and alternatives for those who prefer not to take the plunge into icy waters.

Christmas is a time for traditions, and while many of them revolve around warmth and comfort. It’s fascinating to discover that some communities around the world choose to celebrate the season by embracing the cold. Whether it’s the enduring traditions of Scandinavia, the Epiphany ice plunges in Russia, or the cold-water swims of Japan. These practices showcase the resilience and diversity of human culture.

For those who are not quite ready to venture into icy waters, there are plenty of alternatives that allow you to celebrate the winter season in your own way. From polar bear plunges to winter sports, nature walks, and festive markets, there are countless ways to embrace the chill without diving headfirst into freezing waters.

Ultimately, the choice is yours, and the spirit of Christmas is about celebrating in a way that brings you joy, warmth, and fulfilment, whether that’s through ice baths or sipping hot cocoa by the fireplace. As we bid farewell to this icy adventure, we encourage you to explore and respect the diverse traditions that make this holiday season a truly “Brrr-illiant” time of year.

We hope you’ve enjoyed our journey into the world of icy Christmas traditions. We wish you a safe, joyful, and memorable festive season, however you choose to celebrate it. Stay warm, stay safe, and stay curious!

Additional Resources

As we conclude our exploration of “The Frozen Neurotransmitter: How Cold Exposure Triggers Dopamine”, we’d like to provide you with a list of additional resources. These resources can serve as valuable references. Tools for those interested in learning more about cold exposure, ice baths, and related topics:

Online Communities and Forums

The Cold Pod Community: Website

Cold Exposure and Ice Bath Resources

The Cold Pod: Blog

Cold Exposure Therapy: Benefits, Risks, and How to Do It Safely: Blog

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Maldives£55.60 £76.71 £100.33 £126.25 £149.25
Mali£55.60 £76.71 £100.33 £126.25 £149.25
Malta£47.19 £54.88 £59.56 £64.22 £71.74
Marshall Islands£55.60 £76.71 £100.33 £126.25 £149.25
Martinique£57.93 £103.31 £132.93 £165.30 £192.49
Mauritania£55.60 £76.71 £100.33 £126.25 £149.25
Mauritius£55.60 £76.71 £100.33 £126.25 £149.25
Mexico£57.93 £103.31 £132.93 £165.30 £192.49
Micronesia£55.60 £76.71 £100.33 £126.25 £149.25
Moldova£47.19 £54.88 £59.56 £64.22 £71.74
Monaco£22.58 £26.07 £27.63 £29.18 £32.02
Mongolia£55.60 £76.71 £100.33 £126.25 £149.25
Montenegro£47.19 £54.88 £59.56 £64.22 £71.74
Montserrat£57.93 £103.31 £132.93 £165.30 £192.49
Morocco£38.23 £52.74 £66.42 £81.31 £93.43
Mozambique£55.60 £76.71 £100.33 £126.25 £149.25
Namibia£55.60 £76.71 £100.33 £126.25 £149.25
Nepal£38.23 £52.74 £66.42 £81.31 £93.43
Netherlands£22.58 £26.07 £27.63 £29.18 £32.02
New Caledonia£55.60 £76.71 £100.33 £126.25 £149.25
New Zealand£77.82 £107.91 £144.35 £185.25 £229.54
Nicaragua£57.93 £103.31 £132.93 £165.30 £192.49
Niger£55.60 £76.71 £100.33 £126.25 £149.25
Nigeria£55.60 £76.71 £100.33 £126.25 £149.25
North Macedonia£47.19 £54.88 £59.56 £64.22 £71.74
Norway£40.42 £49.06 £53.73 £58.38 £65.47
Oman£38.23 £52.74 £66.42 £81.31 £93.43
Pakistan£38.23 £52.74 £66.42 £81.31 £93.43
Palau£55.60 £76.71 £100.33 £126.25 £149.25
Palestine Authority£38.23 £52.74 £66.42 £81.31 £93.43
Panama£57.93 £103.31 £132.93 £165.30 £192.49
Papua- New Guinea£55.60 £76.71 £100.33 £126.25 £149.25
Paraguay£57.93 £103.31 £132.93 £165.30 £192.49
Peru£57.93 £103.31 £132.93 £165.30 £192.49
Philippines£42.18 £57.90 £72.51 £73.60 £109.34
Poland£23.55 £28.34 £30.98 £33.62 £37.23
Portugal£23.55 £27.25 £28.81 £30.35 £33.56
Puerto Rico£57.93 £103.31 £132.93 £165.30 £192.49
Qatar£38.23 £52.74 £66.42 £81.31 £93.43
Reunion Island£55.60 £76.71 £100.33 £126.25 £149.25
Romania£23.55 £28.34 £30.98 £33.62 £37.23
Rwanda£55.60 £76.71 £100.33 £126.25 £149.25
Saipan£55.60 £76.71 £100.33 £126.25 £149.25
Samoa, West£55.60 £76.71 £100.33 £126.25 £149.25
San Marino£23.55 £27.25 £28.81 £30.35 £33.56
Saudi Arabia£38.23 £52.74 £66.42 £81.31 £93.43
Senegal£55.60 £76.71 £100.33 £126.25 £149.25
Serbia£47.19 £54.88 £59.56 £64.22 £71.74
Seychelles£55.60 £76.71 £100.33 £126.25 £149.25
Singapore£35.00 £46.93 £57.90 £71.05 £82.36
Slovak Republic£23.55 £28.34 £30.98 £33.62 £37.23
Slovenia£23.55 £28.34 £30.98 £33.62 £37.23
South Africa£57.93 £103.31 £132.93 £165.30 £192.49
Spain£23.55 £27.25 £28.81 £30.35 £33.56
Sri Lanka£38.23 £52.74 £66.42 £81.31 £93.43
St. Kitts & Nevis£57.93 £103.31 £132.93 £165.30 £192.49
St. Lucia£57.93 £103.31 £132.93 £165.30 £192.49
St. Maarten (NL)£57.93 £103.31 £132.93 £165.30 £192.49
St. Martin (FR)£57.93 £103.31 £132.93 £165.30 £192.49
St. Vincent£57.93 £103.31 £132.93 £165.30 £192.49
Suriname£57.93 £103.31 £132.93 £165.30 £192.49
Swaziland£55.60 £76.71 £100.33 £126.25 £149.25
Sweden£23.55 £27.25 £28.81 £30.35 £33.56
Switzerland£40.42 £49.06 £53.73 £58.38 £65.47
Taiwan£42.18 £57.90 £72.51 £73.60 £109.34
Tanzania£55.60 £76.71 £100.33 £126.25 £149.25
Thailand£42.18 £57.90 £72.51 £73.60 £109.34
Togo£55.60 £76.71 £100.33 £126.25 £149.25
Tonga£55.60 £76.71 £100.33 £126.25 £149.25
Trinidad & Tobago£57.93 £103.31 £132.93 £165.30 £192.49
Tunisia£38.23 £52.74 £66.42 £81.31 £93.43
Turkey£47.19 £54.88 £59.56 £64.22 £71.74
Turks & Caicos Islands£57.93 £103.31 £132.93 £165.30 £192.49
Uganda£55.60 £76.71 £100.33 £126.25 £149.25
United Arab Emirates£38.23 £52.74 £66.42 £81.31 £93.43
United States of America£30.10 £45.00 £68.42 £93.47 £118.10
Uruguay£57.93 £103.31 £132.93 £165.30 £192.49
Uzbekistan£55.60 £76.71 £100.33 £126.25 £149.25
Vanuatu£55.60 £76.71 £100.33 £126.25 £149.25
Vatican City£23.55 £27.25 £28.81 £30.35 £33.56
Venezuela£57.93 £103.31 £132.93 £165.30 £192.49
Vietnam£42.18 £57.90 £72.51 £73.60 £109.34
Virgin Islands (GB)£57.93 £103.31 £132.93 £165.30 £192.49
Virgin Islands (USA)£57.93 £103.31 £132.93 £165.30 £192.49
Wallis & Futuna£55.60 £76.71 £100.33 £126.25 £149.25
Zambia£55.60 £76.71 £100.33 £126.25 £149.25
Zimbabwe£55.60 £76.71 £100.33 £126.25 £149.25